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Int Neurourol J > Volume 7(2); 2003 > Article
Clinical Investigation
Journal of the Korean Continence Society 2003;7(2): 73-80.
Prevalence of Urinary Incontinence and Incontinence-related Quality of Life in Korean Women: A Population-based Study.
Seung June Oh, Won Hee Park, Choal Hee Park, Jae Seung Paick, Ju Tae Seo, You Sik Lee, Jeong Gu Lee, Jeong Zoo Lee, Taek Lee, Jong Bok Lee, Myung Soo Choo
1Department of Urology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Department of Urology, Inha University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea.
3Department of Urology, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
4Department of Urology, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
5Department of Urology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
6Department of Urology, College of Medicine, Pusan National University, Busan, Korea.
7Department of Urology, Gachon Medical School, Incheon, Korea.
8Department of Urology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
To assess the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) and incontinence-related quality of life in Korean women.
During April 2003, the prevalence of overall, stress, urge and mixed UI, frequency of incontinence symptom and quality of life influenced by UI in Korean women was assessed by telephone survey.
Of the 1,303 women with a mean age of 48.1 (+/-12.9, S.D.) years, 537 (41.2%) reported UI, comprising 492 (37.8%) with stress UI, 234 (18.0%) with urge UI, 194 (14.9%) with mixed UI and unclassified 5 (0.4%). The prevalence of UI increased with age significantly (p< 0.05). The frequency of stress UI symptom was as follows: 'always' 3.0%, 'a few times a day' 3.7%, 'about once a day' 3.9%, '2-3 times a week' 7.5%, 'less than 1 in a week' 81.9%. Incontinence-related quality of life was significantly dependent on the type of incontinence: the proportion of women who feel unsatisfactory with their incontinence was significantly higher in urge UI and mixed UI than stress UI (p< 0.01). The need for medical consultation for UI was also variable according to the type of incontinence: 20.0% in urge UI, 19.1% with stress U and 25.8% in mixed UI. However, the proportion of women who do not willing to consult medical help was significantly higher in stress UI than other types of UI.
The present study revealed that there was a high prevalence of UI in Korean women and the impact of UI on the quality of life was high. Therefore, tailored education to the women about the UI seems to be highly necessary.
Keywords: Urinary incontinence; Prevalence; Quality of life; Korean women
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Official Journal of Korean Continence Society & ESSIC (International Society for the Study of BPS) & Korean Society of Urological Research & The Korean Children’s Continence and Enuresis Society & The Korean Association of Urogenital Tract Infection and Inflammation & Korean Society of Geriatric Urological Care
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